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Supporting Research

Please check this page often for industry insights, white papers, and useful data. 

Industrial Agriculture 101, Natural Resources Defense Council

Cutting Down Forests: What are the drivers of deforestation?, Our World In Data, "Beef production is responsible for 41% of deforestation."

Water Use in Global Livestock Production - Opportunities and Constraints for Increasing Water Productivity, Advancing Earth and Space Science, "Forty-two percent of the world's freshwater (CWU) is used for animal agriculture."

Future of Food: How the Agriculture Industry Could Go From Farming To Ferming, The New York Times

Why Meat Companies Are Investing in Plant-based Innovation, ESG Clarity, by Elysabeth Alfano

Solutions to mitigate Climate Change, Project Drawdown

The Untapped Climate Opportunity in Alternative Proteins, Boston Consulting Group


Article on why reducing cow emissions with seaweed won't fix disproportionate land and water use and deforestation, U.C. Davis

Preventing the Next Pandemic, United Nation

Key Facts and Findings on Animal Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Food and Agriculture, Organization of the United Nations

Plant-based Foods Market to Hit $162 Billion in Next Decade, Bloomberg Intelligence


Food for Thought: The Protein Transformation, Boston Consulting Group

Creating a Sustainable Food Future, World Resources Institute, Discusses animal calorie conversion rates

Forget The Space Race. We're in a Race for Food and Water, ESG Investor, Co-authored by Elysabeth Alfano.

Cows and Other Livestock Emissions, Verify This and Politco and UNEP

Life Cycle Analysis Study of Beyond Meat, University of Michigan

Impact of our Food Supply System on Land and Climate Change, Our World In Data

Land Use for Calories, Our World In Data


Why Governments Around the World Are Investing in Plant-based Innovation. Chartered Alternative Investment Association, Co-Authored by Elysabeth Alfano. 


The Plantbased Business Hour : Industry Expert Elysabeth Alfano sits down for in-depth conversations with thought leaders and CEOs in the sector.

Emissions from Animal Agriculture--16.5% Is the New Minimum Figure. The 16.5% is inferred from two reports, one from the UN (8.1 Gt of carbon equivalents for animal agriculture is from the UN GLEAM 2.0 Model report), divided by the total carbon equivalent emissions from the IPCC (49 Gt of carbon equivalent emissions from the IPCC AR5 report).


Red Meat, TMAO and Your Heart, Harvard

Plant-based Sales From Meat Sales, Plant-based Foods Association

Who Is Eating Plant-based Options?,

Meat Supply Per Person From 1061 to 2020, Our World in Data, "As of 2019, Americans Eat approximately 280 pounds of meat a year."

US Factory Farming Estimates, Sentience Institute, "99% of US farmed animals are living in factory farms: 70.4% of cows, 98.3% of pigs, 99.8% of turkeys, 98.2% of chickens raised for eggs, and 99.9% of chickens raised for meat."

S-Curve Adoption: Our House View on Alternative Protein Market Growth, Synthesis Capital

Climate Benefits of Changing Diet, Climatic Change

Overview of Greenhouse Gases, US EPA

Food Security, IPCC


Sixth Assessment Report, IPCC

Livestock's Long Shadow: Environmental Issues and Options, FAO, "30 percent of the earth's entire land surface is already being used for livestock."

Reducing Food's Environmental Impacts Through Producers and Consumers, FAO, "83% of global farmlands are already used for animal agriculture (I.e. grazing animals and growing crops for them to eat), but these lands only return 18% of our calories."

Animal-based Foods are More Resource-Intensive than Plant-based Foods, World Resources Institute, "Chicken results in 1 calorie of food for every 9 calories of feed. For cows, an estimate is 25 calories of feed for every 1 calorie of food."

Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Plant-based Foods and Meat Foods, Quantis International

Oatly Research, The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology, "Concluded that Oatly exhibited a lower environmental impact compared to conventional semi-skimmed milk."

Food Insecurity Key Statistics & Graphs, USDA ERS, "Food insecurity increased by over 25% in the U.S. 2022 vs 2021

Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Animal-Based Foods are Twice Those of Plant-based Foods, Nature Food, "Meat eaters are responsible for 75% of the world's greenhouse gas emissions."

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